The article begins with a comparison of Descartes’ theory of object with its scholastic predecessors. In Descartes’ thought the object is restricted to its human figure, while Augustine, Henry of Ghent and Duns Scotus describe this concept primarily in the horizon of the divine thought. Even if Descartes leaves out the theological meaning of object, its new epistemic subject becomes the ground of the new relation named absolute whose certain features resemble the theological one. However the danger of the ontic univocity which thus appears, is eliminated by Cartesian theory of the eternal truths formulated in 1630 in letters to Mersenne.
The journal founded by Leszek Kołakowski, Bronisław Baczko and Jan Garewicz appears continuously since 1957.