„Return to Kant” (Zurück zu Kant) is a motto of philosophical movement named neo‑kantianism. The movement evolved in the last decades of 19th century in Germany. During next 70 years it dominated almost all German universities. However, it was a very heterogeneous formation for „retrun to Kant” could be, and in fact it was, achieved in different ways. Such diversity makes it difficult to give a clear and compact definition of neokantianism. Even neo‑kantianists themselves were not able to create one. This work analyzes the most representative opinions in which the particular members of neokantianism movement tried to define their identity. The result of these analyses is not a final definition of „neokantianism” but rather the presentation of transformations which this concept underwent in its historical development.
Wojciech Hanuszkiewicz – Ph.D., Assistant Professor at the Department of Philosophy and Sociology, Pedagogical University of Cracow. Main research interests: conceptions of metaphysics in the 19th and 20th century, phenomenology, neo-Kantianism. Author of the monograph Filozofia Hermanna Cohena w perspektywie sporu o jedność metody transcendentalnej [Hermann Cohen’s Philosophy in the Perspektive of the Dispute about theUnity of the Transcendental Method], Warszawa 2011.
The journal founded by Leszek Kołakowski, Bronisław Baczko and Jan Garewicz appears continuously since 1957.