Democracy and the Myth As If the Political Philosophy by Leszek Kołakowski

Bartłomiej Błesznowski

The article aims to confront philosophy, and thus the Leszek Kołakowski theory of knowledge and its implications in politics. The author claims that work of philosopher comprises two, complementary discourses: first, uses resource of academic knowledge and erudition acting thereby as a tool of open scientiic discussion; the second one which is expressed in fairy tales by Kołakowski allows the author to synthesize his deliberation in esoteric form of castling. Analyzing the last tale by philosopher which was published, the author tries to identify the basic ethical and practical outline contained in the theory of truth, knowledge and expertise, which is approaching the structure of myth, which is the hidden foundation of all human manners of reasoning, and thus all forms of cultural and political activity. The foundations of polis, a political community of universal sense and values   are founded, according to Kołakowski, on the pillars which are not only strong, but also entangled in diversity of redei nitions, conl icts and struggles, which are therefore the result of a finite human activity based on beliefs. Therefore, the policy (like philosophy circulating between empiricism and transcendentalism) by Kołakowski seems to be constantly renewed universalization and granting the mythical meaning of the factuality of existence – nature. h e only matter which remains problematic in this approach is the status of a modern democracy, understood by author of the Obecność mitu as a force able to reconcile hegemonic tendencies of the political myth of the rational management of the public sphere. Democracy is, therefore, fuli llment of eliminating conl icts arising from the natural tendency of ethnic and religious forms of the myth to achieve domination. However Kołakowski creates an area of absolute tolerance and deliberation out of it, seems to deduct from it possibilities of self-control and embroiled it thus in post-political emptiness of management of diversity sphere. So the author poses the question: whether in democracy understood in this way, the philosopher can af ord to have unfettered rel ection on contradictions of Reason and the critical role of the „clown”, which was attributed to him by critic of totalitarianism – Leszek Kołakowski?


Keywords: democracy · philosophy of politics · Leszek Kołakowski · myth · knowledge

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