Although Wilhelm Reich does not use the notion of resentment in his psychological analysis of fascism, the Nietzschean critique of resentment may help us to grasp the core of The Mass Psychology of Fascism. Nietzsche’s insight into the nature of resentment can elucidate craving for authority, mysticism and ascetic moral that turn masses against their vital interests. According to Reich, masses fall prey to their irrational and reactionary desires that are in contrast with rational and revolutionary interests. However much Deleuze and Guattari appreciate Reich’s analysis of fascism, they accept neither his opposition of revolutionary interests and reactionary desires, nor his romantic view on homo natura. Instead, they introduce a much subtler diff erentiation of desires and interests as well as a Dionysian image of homo natura. Th is is why we can fi nd, in their Anti-Oedipus, a new version of Nietzschean critique of resentment – a version that surpasses the limits of Reich’s conception and shows not only the dangers of resentment, but also the dangers hidden in the nature of homo natura.
The journal founded by Leszek Kołakowski, Bronisław Baczko and Jan Garewicz appears continuously since 1957.