Philosophical and Ideological Basis of the Activity of the Order of Illuminati in the Light of Main Assumptions of the Late-Enlightenment Philosophy of Adam Weishaupt

Katarzyna Ł. Częścik

In this paper I present the basic assumptions of Adam Weishaupt’s philosophy. The reference point for this paper is the analysis of their importance and their role inestablishing the Order of Illuminati. The lecture of Weishaupt writings was conducted with an interpretative key to understand his point of view, namely Condillac’s philosophy. Partuclarly striking in Weishaupt’s writings, is his postulate to combine idealism with materialism, which plays the main role in his philosophy. Kant’s philosophy was also crucial for crystallization of Weishaupt’s view (Kant’s system was the main object of critique in his philosophical writings). The seminal philosophical issue for Weishaupt is self-recognition,which is possible to attain by exploring and using reason and translating it into action,which may lead to perfection.


Keywords: Kant · Enlightenment · ideal · idea of perfection · change · esoteric · reason · morality

Katarzyna Ł. Częścik – PhD. Her field of interest is Kant’s critical philosophy, German philosophy, phenomenology and literary theory.   »  

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