The Idea of Philosophy and its Historical Origin is the first chapter on Edmund Husserl’s First Philosophy (vol. I,Huss VII, p. 3-15). First Philosophy, vol. I, is the edited andcompleted text of the course which Husserl gave under that title at the University of Freiburgim-Breisgau (winter semester 1923/24). The manuscript, written in Husserl’s shorthand, wastyped by his assistant Ludwig Landgrebe. The article is an introduction to phenomenology as first philosophy and makes reference to the critical reflection of the historical interpretation of first philosophy (prote philosophia) and to the „necessity“ of first philosophy. Husserl postulates a return to the first philosophy, he shows how first philosophy is the theorizing of being as being and how philosophy/phenomenology is both metaphysical and perennial.
Keywords: first philosophy · phenomenology · metaphysics · truth · Socrates · Plato · Aristotle
Edmund Husserl (1859–1938) – was a philosopher and mathematician and professor of philosophy at University of Gottingen and Freiburg. Founder of the 20th century philosophical school of phenomenology. Autor (inter alia): Logische Untersuchungen (1900/1901), Philosophie als strenge Wissenschaft (1910/1911), Ideen zu einer reinen phänomenologischen Philosophie (1913), Méditations Cartésiennes (1931), Krisis der europäischen Wissenschaft enund die transzendentale Phänomenologie (1936).
The journal founded by Leszek Kołakowski, Bronisław Baczko and Jan Garewicz appears continuously since 1957.