The article represents an attempt to determine the essence of critical philosophy in the light of Kantian distinction between aggregate and system. In order to achieve this, the article harks back to Kant’s work and to accomplishments of Marburg School of neo-Kantianism and particularly to Ernst Cassirer’s philosophy. Discrimination between aggregate and system as two possible types of knowledge representation rests on the precedent discrimination between substance and function and constitutes the main motive that determines the basic core of philosophical transcendental method in its opposition to the“dogmatic” method.
Przemysław Parszutowicz — Professor at Department of History of Modern and Contemporary Philosophy, Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences. His current research interests include history and theory of transcendental philosophy. Author of books: Filozofia jako krytyka poznania. Wprowadzenie do transcendentalizmu Ernsta Cassirera [Philosophy as Critique of knowledge. Introduction to Ernst Cassirer's Transcendentalism] (Warsaw 2013); Fenomenologia form symbolicznych. Podstawowe pojecia i inspiracje „późnej” filozofii Ernsta Cassirera [Phenomenology of Symbolic Forms. Basic Concepts and Inspirations of Ernst Cassirer's „late” Philosophy] (Warsaw 2013).
The journal founded by Leszek Kołakowski, Bronisław Baczko and Jan Garewicz appears continuously since 1957.