The article discusses the main assumptions of “critical realism”, which is a relatively little known strand in contemporary philosophy of social sciences. The most characteristic assumption of “critical realism”, which to some extent justifies its name, relates to the autonomy of the object of those sciences from their epistemic practices which clearly opposes recently popular trend in social sciences, namely social constructivism. The second element of its name stems from both the critical philosophy of Immanuel Kant and from the practice of social criticism, which is linked with by far the most controversial claim of critical realism that is with typical for that strand of thought negation of so called factvalue dichotomy, maintained by Marxism.
Keywords: Critical realism · social sciences · Bhaskar · facts · values
Maciej Soin — Associate Professor, Institute of Philosophy and Sociology PAN (Warsaw), University of Information Technology and Management (Rzeszow). Main publications: “The Philosophy of S.I. Witkiewicz” (1995), “Grammar and Metaphysics. Wittgenstein’s Problem” (2001), “Th e Question of Truth. Wittgenstein and Analytic Philosophy” (2008). His current research focuses on applications of linguistic philosophy to sociology and ethics.
The journal founded by Leszek Kołakowski, Bronisław Baczko and Jan Garewicz appears continuously since 1957.