The article describes the sources of European identity. It describes the theory of human mitochondrial DNA and the seven mothers of the population of the present-day Europe. It concludes with an outlook of the mitochondrial mothers of Europe heritage. It also describes in a synthetic form the symbolic sources of identity, like ancient Greek philosophy, Roman law, Christian religion, barbarian aspects of civilisation and the Age of Enlightenment.
The journal founded by Leszek Kołakowski, Bronisław Baczko and Jan Garewicz appears continuously since 1957.