To the “Being of Being” through the “Logic of Logic”: Heinrich Rickert’s Critical Ontology

Maja Soboleva

Rickert’s philosophy is marked by such themes as „knowledge”, „value”, „culture” and „history”. Epistemology is a basis of his entire philosophy and underlies his system of philosophy. His guiding principle is that „die Wissenschat vom Weltganzen ein Gedankenganzes sein muss“ (Rickert 1930, p. 6). Investigations on the logic of predicate and the problems of ontology form an important part of Rickert’s epistemology. he aim of this paper is to analyze the concept of being in his theory on the background of Heidegger’s phenomenological theory of being and König’s hermeneutical theory of being. Being as a predicate proves to be neither a real object nor a mere form of thought, but it is rather a form of knowledge. hus, the ontological investigations are connected with the logical studies of cognition of the world. Logic receives the primacy for ontology, besides, Rickert distinguishes between formal and transcendental logic. His research in the ield of transcendental logic deals with the problem of objective (representational) thinking which is in focus of modern epistemological debates. he question here is whether the predicative thinking is able to grasp the whole reality. he reality proves in Rickert’s theory as a manifestation of the truth value, where truth is understood as a theoretical truth. Is such a concept of reality not too tight? One alternative was suggested by hermeneutics, based on philosophy of life. he latter supplements the predicative thinking with the nonpredicative, and sees it as a form of cognition. he comparison of these theories will give a new insight about the concept of being, and, by means of it, contribute to the clariication of the concept „human science”.


Keywords: ontology · epistemology · concept of being · representational thinking

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