Chapters Eleven to Fourteen of the Seventh Book of the Nicomachean Ethics


In the EN VII.11–14 Aristotle examines the issue of pleasure criticizing three views about it. According to the first, no pleasure is a good, either in itself or incidentally, according to the second, some pleasures are good, but most are bad, according to the third, it is not possible for the chief good to be pleasure. As the result of the study Aristotle concludes that pleasure is primarily the unimpeded activity of the natural state. In the introduction Author presents the analysis of the argument “from the restore of natural state” and shows that the argument undermines main assumptions which lie at the base of the three mentioned views, i.e. the assumption that every pleasure is a perceived process of coming to be in the natural state, and the assumption that pleasure is a process.


Keywords: activity · good · natural state · pleasure · process

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