This article examines, in detail and from a philosophical point of view, two preserved speeches by Gorgias: Praise of Helen and Defence of Palamedes. Gorgias formulates the original concept of the art of effective persuasion, based on knowledge of human nature (strictly: on knowledge of habits, inclinations, mental laws, rules of emotional response etc.), well-founded theory of knowledge and intriguing theory of logos. Th e impact of this concept on Plato’s philosophy and on the entire ancient culture is highlighted, and rhetorical heritage in specific issues and settlements is indicated.
The journal founded by Leszek Kołakowski, Bronisław Baczko and Jan Garewicz appears continuously since 1957.